Frequently Asked Questions
How are HPV infections treated?
 
  There is no direct treatment for HPV infection. Some people “clear” an HPV infection (are “cured”). They can later be infected with HPV again. Dysplasia and warts can be removed. There are several ways to do this:
  • Burning them with an electric needle (electrocautery) or a laser
  • Freezing them with liquid nitrogen
  • Cutting them out
  • Treating them with chemicals.

Other, less common treatments for warts include the drugs 5-FU (5-fluorouracil) and Interferon-alpha. A new drug, imiquimod (Aldara), has been approved for treatment of genital warts. Cidofovir (Vistide), originally developed to fight cytomegalovirus (CMV), might also help fight HPV.

HPV infection can last for a long time, especially in people who are HIV-positive. Dysplasia and warts can return. They should be treated as soon as they are found to reduce the chances of the problem spreading or returning.